It is a personality disorder that is affecting a lot of individuals in the population. When taking a look at disorders then one of the not so common is what is known as a narcissistic personality disorder. It is this one that was forts determined in the year 1968. When taking a look at this disorder then it is the one that is medically defined as a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. This kind of disorder affects less than 1% of the population.
There are five categories of this disorder and they are the unprincipled narcissist, amorous narcissist, compensatory narcissist, elitist narcissist, and fanatic type. Whenever an individual will be diagnosed with NPD then it is them that will fall into one of these categories. Whenever an individual will have unprincipled narcissism then they are the ones that will have an antisocial features like being fraudulent, deceptive and exploitative. There is a histrionic feature that one will see once they will have an amorous narcissism. When taking a look at individuals with compensatory narcissism then it is them that will be exhibiting negativistic and avoidant features. If you are able to see paranoid features then that is a tell-tale sign of individuals with fanatic narcissism.
And there are also many experts that subcategorized the disorder into two types and they are oblivious and hypervigilant. Once you are able to see an individual that is grandiose, arrogant and thick-skinned then they belong to the oblivious type. It is a hypervigilant individual is what you will have once they are easily hurt, oversensitive and ashamed.
When taking a look at the exact cause of this one then there is none found so far. It is a list of many factors though that can lead to this disorder. Some of the main factors found to be the reasons of this disorder are emotional abuse in the formative years, overindulgence, and excessive admiration particularly during childhood. Once you will look at the disorders then it will start to show during early adulthood and it will progress over a period of time. Just like any other disorder, it is this one that will also have complications like relationship and family problems and increasing dependence on alcohol or other drug.
When taking a look at treatment for NPD then one of the most effective that is being used is psychotherapy. It is with the help of this treatment that individuals with NPD have become more compassionate to other people. It is the psychotherapy that has two main goals. When taking a look at the process of psychotherapy then it has a short term goal and that is to free the individual of substance abuse. When looking at the long term goal of this process then it is changing the character of the person. For people that has NPD then some of the most common medications are antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs. For them to control depression and anxiety then it is these drugs that will be given.